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Treatment Options for Jaw and Gum Resorption

The jawbone and gum tissue play a very important role in dental health - that of holding the teeth in place. They also help to maintain a perfect facial structure, giving you a great appearance. However, since both the jawbone and gums are made of living tissue, they can be broken down and reabsorbed into the body - a process known as resorption. This can cause significant damage to the dental structure, leading to a host of dental problems. Luckily, at Periodontal Associates we offer a wide range of dental solutions that are designed to restore the jaw and gum structure.

What Causes Jaw and Gum Resorption?

The jawbone and the gum tissues, which are living tissues, are regularly broken down and reabsorbed by the body. However, in a healthy body, the tissues quickly regenerate, thus helping to maintain a perfect structure. When this process is interfered with, the resorption occurs at a higher rate than the regeneration process, leading to gum and bone deterioration. The deterioration can be brought about by some factors such as:
•  Tooth loss. The teeth help to stimulate the growth of the jawbone by constantly stimulating it when you are biting and chewing food. Tooth loss reduces this stimulation, leading to jawbone deterioration. The deterioration is especially fast when multiple teeth are missing.
•  Gum disease. Gum disease can infect both the gum tissue and the jawbone, leading to deterioration if left untreated.
•  Oral infection. An oral infection, if left untreated, can spread to the gums and jawbone, causing deterioration.
•  Dental trauma. Traumatic dental injuries can affect the jawbone and gums, causing damage or interfering with the tissue regeneration process.
•  Systemic diseases or compromised immune system. A less than the optimal immune system can interfere with the tissue regeneration of the jaw and gums, or even make them vulnerable to infections that can damage them.
•  Aging. When the body is young, the rate of tissue regeneration is higher than that of resorption. However, as you grow old, the regeneration rate decreases to a point where it is lower than the resorption rate. This leads to bone and gum tissue loss.

Dental Problems Created by Jaw and Gum Resorption

The loss of jawbone and gum tissue can lead to several dental problems including:
•  Tooth loss. Without the proper support from the jawbone and the gums, your teeth can start becoming loose or falling off.
•  Altered appearance. The loss of teeth, jawbone, and gum tissue can alter your facial appearance, killing your lovely smile.
•  Jaw and tissue resorption can also make you unsuitable for dental treatments such as dentures, dental braces, and dental implants. This can make it hard to treat several serious dental conditions.

Treatment Options for Jaw and Gum Deterioration

There are several treatments that are available, either to prevent or treat jaw and tissue resorption. For the preventative purpose, the following dental solutions can help to preserve the jaw and gum structure by preventing resorption:
•  Dental implants. They stimulate the jawbone, thus preventing atrophy.
•  Ridge augmentation. A procedure performed after tooth extraction to prevent atrophy of the jawbone due to lost stimulation or damaged tooth sockets.

If the jaw and bone tissue have been damaged, treatment options to restore the original structure are available. These options include:
•  Bone grafting. Regeneration of new bone tissue by using a bone graft material.
•  Tissue regeneration. The regeneration of the damaged gum tissue.

At Periodontal Associates we offer a wide range of dental solutions to prevent or treat jaw and gum resorption. Get in touch with us today at (971) 317-8414 for more information on these solutions.
Periodontal Associates in Beaverton, OR

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